Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is a developmental disability that causes significant social, behavioral, and communicational challenges. In many cases, there is nothing about the way people with ASD may interact, behave, communicate and learn in ways that prove to be different from most people. The thinking, problem-solving, and learning abilities of individuals with ASD can range from severely challenged to gifted. While some won’t be needing much special help and attention doing their daily tasks, others might need a lot of it.
The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder [ASD] now includes several conditions that previously were diagnosed separately: pervasive development disorder, autistic disorder, and Asperger syndrome. Now, all of these conditions fall under the single name of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
What are the Signs & Symptoms of ASD
People with Autism Spectrum Disorder tend to face emotional, social, and communicational skills problems. They might end up repeating some behaviors and might not like changes in their daily routine. Many people with ASD will find different ways to pay attention, learn new skills, or react to things. Signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder can begin early in childhood and most often last throughout the individual’s life. Children and adults facing ASD might behave in the following ways:
- Not look at the object being pointed out by another person
- Not show any interest in the objects they are talking about
- Find it challenging to relate to other people and show no signs of interest in them
- Avoid eye contact when interacting with other people and mostly want to be alone
- Find it difficult to understand the emotions and feelings of others or discuss their own
- Don’t like physical contact unless they themselves initiate it
- Be unaware or mostly unattentive when other people make conversation with them but respond quickly to random sounds
- Despite being very interested in other people, unable to find the words to talk to them
Individuals showing signs of any activity mentioned above or doing anything similar could have Autism Spectrum Disorder. Even when there is a slight doubt, the person should be immediately diagnosed so that the appropriate treatment can begin if needed.
How to Diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorder
Since there aren’t any medical tests to diagnose the different types of disorders, it isn’t easy to accurately identify individuals who have ASD. It entirely depends on the capabilities and experience of the doctor because they only have the person’s behavior and development to make an accurate diagnosis.
If the diagnosis is made right, ASD can sometimes be diagnosed at the early age of 18 months. By the age of 2, a diagnosis made by an experienced medical practitioner can prove to be very reliable. However, many kids don’t receive a final diagnosis until they are much older. Meaning, these children with ASD might not receive the help they require at an early age.
Appropriate Treatment of ASD
Despite there being no decisive cure for Autism Spectrum Disorder, research has shown that early intervention with the right treatment services can improve a child’s development and learning skills. A few effective treatment services help children from birth up to 3 years of age learn essential interactive, communicational, emotional, and social skills. Services like speech therapy help the kid speak, and other therapies can help them walk and engage with others appropriately. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that the parents consult a professional doctor when they realize that their child might have Autism Spectrum Disorder or other developmental disability. Even if the child has not been diagnosed with Autism or doesn’t show any Autism symptoms, they might still be eligible for the early treatments available to help their cases effectively.
The IDEA or Individuals with Disabilities Education Act states that children under the age of 3 years and are at risk of having developmental delays might be eligible for early treatment. These services are available through a system dedicated to early intervention. Parents can use this system to demand an evaluation of their child to determine whether they might be facing any developmental problems or not. Furthermore, treatment for specific symptoms, such as therapy for language delays, mainly does not require extensive waiting for a formal ASD diagnosis.
Don’t Let Autism Hold Back Your Child
While it might be true that Autism Spectrum Disorder typically lasts from early childhood to old age, that doesn’t mean your child can’t have a normal life filled with joy, happiness, and endless opportunities. Here at I PEEP BXS, we have created a safe haven for kids and young adults facing difficulties in life because of Autism. Through ABA therapy, we want to help them help themselves to learn to be independent and develop all the necessary skills to live a happy, normal life.